Sun Safety Tips

Extreme Heat Tips

Heat-related illnesses can be prevented. Prevention requires employers and workers to recognize heat hazards. Management should commit to:

  • Take extra precautions to protect new workers.
  • Train supervisors and workers to control and recognize heat hazards.
  • Determine, for each worker throughout each workday, whether total heat stress is too high, both from the conditions of that day and recognizing carryover effect possibilities.
  • Implement engineering and administrative controls to reduce heat stress.
  • Provide sufficient rest, shade, and fluids.

Personal Risk Factors

Some workers handle heat stress less effectively than others. Heat intolerance happens for a variety of reasons. Personal risk factors include:

  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • Lower level of physical fitness
  • Use of certain medications such as diuretics and some psychiatric or blood pressure medicines
  • Some medications can result in a worker’s inability to feel heat conditions and/or the inability to sweat, so symptoms of heat stress may not be evident.
  • Alcohol use
  • Use of illicit drugs (such as opioids, methamphetamine, or cocaine)

This list is not comprehensive. Other medical conditions can also predispose workers to heat-related illnesses.